This work is a digital rendition of the map of Mars and a digital blend of the work ‘Tabula Recta (5523) C.
La Chandeleur Day 2 February
- The Feast of the Presentation of Jesus Christ and Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary are both on 2 February. Candlemas (also spelled Candlemass), also known as the Feast of the Presentation of Jesus Christ and the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is a Christian Holy Day commemorating the presentation of Jesus at the Temple. It is based upon the account of the presentation of Jesus in Luke 2:22–40. In accordance with Leviticus 12: a woman was to be purified by presenting lamb as a burnt offering, and either a young pigeon or dove as sin offering, 33 days after a boy’s circumcision. It falls on February 2, which is traditionally the 40th day of the Christmas–Epiphany season.
- On Candlemas, many Christians (especially, Anglicans, Methodists, Lutherans, Orthodox, and Roman Catholics) also bring their candles to their local church, where they are blessed and then used for the rest of the year; for Christians, these blessed candles serve as a symbol of Jesus Christ, who referred to Himself as the Light of the World.
- In France, crêpes are traditionally served on Candlemas. It became known in France as “Le Jour des Crêpes” (literally translated “The Day of the Crêpes”, and sometimes called colloquially as “Avec Crêpe Day”, referring to the tradition of offering crêpes. The belief was that catching the crêpe with a frying pan after tossing it in the air with your right hand while holding a gold coin in your left hand would cause you to become rich that year. The roundness, and golden colour from being fried in butter, of the crêpe resembles the sun and its rays. This symbolism also applies to the coin held in the person’s hand.
- Tradition attributes this custom to Pope Gelasius I, who had pancakes distributed to pilgrims arriving in Rome, but one can also see it as a vestige of the custom of Vestal Virgins making offerings of cakes at the time of the Lupercalia.
- It is also said that the pancakes, with their round shape and golden color reminiscent of the solar disc, refer to the return of Spring after the dark and cold of Winter.
- In the heart of the city of Palma stands the magnificent 14th-century cathedral known as La Seu and, as the most emblematic building in Mallorca’s capital, it’s a must-visit. It’s impossible to miss this imposing golden sandstone building: it’s one of Europe’s tallest Gothic structures, perched above Parc de la Mar and a superb sight for those arriving by sea. It is on the site of the mosque which stood opposite the Royal Palace of La Almudaina during the Moorish occupation of Mallorca.
- Twice a year, the sun casts an image of the rose window that presides over the main altar in Palma Cathedral in Mallorca, Spain, on the opposite wall, just under another rose window, the one that decorates the main façade. Thus, for a short period of time, two tangential rosettes can be seen, one made of glass and the other made of light, forming a figure of eight. https://www.abc-mallorca.com/la-seu/ Palma Cathedral has the largest original Gothic rose window in the world. The effect happens on November 11th (the Feast of Sant Martin) and February 2nd (the Feast of La Candelaria) each year. Enter the Cathedral and you’ll understand why many call it the ‘Cathedral of Light’. In total, there are 61 stained-glass windows in La Seu – the most spectacular being the central rose window, which harnesses the morning sun, flooding the building with beams of coloured light. The slender pillars supporting the roof are some of the slimmest load-bearing pillars in the world and the fact that the place remains standing is down to the sturdy external ornate buttresses – though the western wall of the cathedral was badly damaged during an earthquake in 1851.
- The story of La Seu began whilst Jaume I was on his voyage to the island: battling rough seas, his fleet of ships and men faced great danger, and the young king swore that he if succeeded in his mission to rid the island of the Moors, he would build a massive cathedral. It would stand as highly visible evidence of his successful mission.
- In the early 20th century, La Seu underwent some changes at the hands of the Catalan Modernist architect Antoni Gaudí. One of the most dramatic additions was the enormous crown-of-thorns illuminated canopy that hangs over the altar; although attributed to Gaudí, the work was actually completed by one of his pupils and a colleague. A 21st-century change was the reformation of the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament by Mallorcan artist Miquel Barceló, from Felanitx. Its modern design is not to everybody’s taste, but it definitely provokes a reaction.
- A visit to La Seu begins through the Chapter Museum entrance, and there is a small entrance charge (island residents can enter free on proof of residency).
- Visit the Cathedral on these days in the morning, at around 08:00-08:30, to witness the effect yourself. Doors open at 07:30 (entrance through Porta de l’Almoina, the eastern gate), free entry.
Saint Martin’s day – 11 November
- Saint Martin’s day, also known as the Funeral of Saint Martin, Martinstag or Martinmas, as well as Old Halloween and Old Hallowmas Eve, is the Funeral day of Saint Martin of Tours (Martin le Miséricordieux) and is celebrated on November 11 each year. This is the time when autumn wheat seeding was completed, and the annual slaughter of fattened cattle produced “Martinmas beef”.Historically, hiring fairs were held where farm laborers would seek new posts.
- Saint Martin of Tours was a Roman soldier who was baptized as an adult and became a bishop in a French town. The most famous legend concerning him was that he had once cut his cloak in half to share with a beggar during a snowstorm, to save the latter from the cold. That night, he dreamt of Jesus, wearing the half-cloak and saying to the angels, “Here is Martin, the Roman soldier who is now baptized; he has clothed me.”Saint Martin died on November 8, 397, and was buried on November 11, 397.
- The part of his cloak kept by himself became the famous relic preserved in the oratory of the Merovingian kings of the Franks at the Marmoutier Abbey near Tours. During the Middle Ages, the supposed relic of St. Martin’s miraculous cloak, (cappa Sancti Martini) was carried by the king even into battle, and used as a holy relic upon which oaths were sworn. The cloak is first attested in the royal treasury in 679, when it was conserved at the palatium of Luzarches, a royal villa that was later ceded to the monks of Saint-Denis by Charlemagne, in 798/99.
- The priest who cared for the cloak in its reliquary was called a cappellanu, and ultimately all priests who served the military were called cappellani. The French translation is chapelains, from which the English word chaplain is derived.
- A similar linguistic development took place for the term referring to the small temporary churches built for the relic. People called them a “capella”, the word for a little cloak. Eventually, such small churches lost their association with the cloak, and all small churches began to be referred to as “chapels”.
- Thought you have never heard of him? Find out below about just some of the works of art about him, places, etc.
- St Martin and the Beggar, by El Greco, ca. 1597-99 is in the (National Gallery of Art, Washington)
- Louis-Anselme Longa, created La charité de Saint Martin
- Saint Martin and the Beggar created by Anthony van Dyck
- Martinitoren, is the 97-meter-high Martini Tower in Groningen, the Netherlands.
- Martin Luther was named after St. Martin, as he was baptized on November 11 (St. Martin’s Day)
- San Martín de Loba is the name of a municipality in the Bolívar Department of Colombia. Saint Martin, as San Martín de Loba, is the patron saint of Vasquez, a small village in Colombia.
- Saint Martin is also a heraldic symbol (the coat of arms of Senica, Slovakia).
- In Finland, the town and municipality Marttila (S:t Mårtens in Swedish) is named after St. Martin and depicts him on their coat of arms.
- In Latin America, St. Martin has a strong popular following and is frequently referred to as San Martín Caballero, in reference to his common depiction on horseback. Mexican folklore believes him to be a particularly helpful saint toward business owners.
- St. Martin is the patron saint of the Polish towns of Bydgoszcz and Opatów. His day is celebrated with a procession and festivities in the city of Poznań, where the main street (Święty Marcin) is named for him, after a 13th-century church in his honor. A special type of crescent cake (rogal świętomarciński) is baked for the occasion. As November 11 is also Polish Independence Day, it is a public holiday.
- In the east part of the Belgian province of East-Flanders (Aalst) and the west part of West Flanders (Ypres), traditionally children receive presents from St. Martin on November 11, instead of from Saint Nicholas on December 6 or Santa Claus on December 25. They also have lantern processions, for which children make lanterns out of beets. In recent years, the lantern processions have become widespread as a popular ritual, even in Protestant areas of Germany and the Netherlands.
- From the late 4th century to the late Middle Ages, much of Western Europe, including Great Britain, engaged in a period of fasting beginning on the day after St. Martin’s Day, November 11. This fast period lasted 40 days, and was, therefore, called Quadragesima Sancti Martini, which means in Latin “the forty days of St. Martin.” At St. Martin’s eve and on the feast day, people ate and drank very heartily for a last time before they started to fast. This fasting time was later called “Advent” by the Church and was considered a time for spiritual preparation for Christmas.
- The Museum Catharijne convent in Utrecht has a relic in its collection which is called “the hammer of St. Martin of Tours” (Latin: maleus beati Martini). It was made in the 13th or 14th century from a late Bronze Age stone axe from ca. 1,000 – 700 BC, though the dating is uncertain. The grip contains a Latin text saying “Ydola vanurunt Martini cesa securi nemo deos credat qui sic fuerant ruicuri” (“the pagan statues fall down, hit by St. Martin’s axe. Let nobody believe that those are gods, who so easily fall down”). Legend says that the axe belonged to St. Martin and was used to hit the devil and to destroy the heathen temples and statues.
- The Book of Armagh or Codex Ardmachanus (ar or 61), also known as the Canon of Patrick and the Liber Ar(d) machanus, is a 9th-century Irish illuminated manuscript written mainly in Latin. It is held by the Library of Trinity College Dublin (MS 52). The document is valuable for containing early texts relating to St Patrick and some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish, and for being one of the earliest manuscripts produced by an insular church to contain a near-complete copy of the New Testament.
- MARS is a block cipher that was IBM’s submission to the Advanced Encryption Standard process. It was the name of this block cipher. The meet-in-the-middle attack (MITM) is a generic space-time tradeoff cryptographic attack against encryption schemes that rely on performing multiple encryption operations in sequence. A meet-in–the-middle attack published in 2004 by John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier can break 21 out of 32 rounds of MARS.
- In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars (Latin: Mārs, pronounced [maːrs]) was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was second in importance only to Jupiter and he was the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began the season for military campaigning and ended the season for farming.
- The word Mārs (genitive Mārtis), which in Old Latin and poetic usage also appears as Māvors (Māvortis), is cognate with Oscan Māmers (Māmertos). The oldest recorded Latin form, Mamart, is likely of foreign origin. It has been explained as deriving from Maris, the name of an Etruscan child-god, though this is not universally agreed upon. Scholars have varying views on whether the two gods are related, and if so how. Latin adjectives from the name of Mars are martius and martialis, from which derive English “martial” (as in “martial arts” or “martial law”) and personal names such as “Martin”.
- The Spear of Mars, which represents the spear and shield of Mars, is also the symbol for the planet Mars and Male gender.
- I have strong feelings as to who holds the keys to each individual’s deeper psychology, spirituality, and sensitivities. Who holds the codes to what we are, who we believe in, who we align ourselves with, where we spend our time, with what and how do we measure who are indeed enemies and or friends in this current dispensation?
- Human consciousness is daily under attack. The more we as humans try to encrypt our families and societies and DNA by relying on performing multiple encryption operations/ rituals over time in sequence, without knowing what we believe in and why we are progressively open to attacks more and more because people tend to get polarized by their belief systems as well. We have to read, read, read, and read some more. We have to be thinking, calculating, kind-hearted people. We have to celebrate the good things, the beauty of kindness and nobleness.
- We have to move to be peacemakers at all times and launch a meet-in–the-middle attack on all things war/ Mars.
- We have to meet others who are not of the same, opinions or cultures, religions in the ‘middle’, build bridges, not cause and create unnecessary differences and problems. We have to be the light, carry the light.
Listen with me to the song Biscaya by James Last
Licensed to YouTube by:
UMG; UMPG Publishing, LatinAutor – UMPG, ASCAP, CMRRA, União Brasileira de Compositores, SODRAC, UNIAO BRASILEIRA DE EDITORAS DE MUSICA – UBEM, LatinAutor, Warner Chappell, and 12 Music Rights Societies.
Spear of Mars picture: CC BY-SA 3.0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3662172
Festa de la Llum 2018 – Catedral de Mallorca
Licensed to YouTube by ‘’Secretaria de Comunicació BISBAT DE MALLORCA’’.
See also: https://youtu.be/-8d9j6lba9Y